Posted by: Saving Water SA (Cape Town, South Africa) – partnered with Water Rhapsody conservation systems
10 January 2010
Among the 25 most populous countries in 2009, South Africa, Egypt and Pakistan are the most water-limited nations. India and China are not far behind with per capita renewable water resources of only 1,600 and 2,100 cubic metres per year.
Speaking at a recent workshop Nazar Mohammad Gondal, Minister for Food and Agriculture, said that Pakistan’s water availability has declined from 5,650 cubic metres in 1960 to 1,200 cubic metres at present. “In 2025, not more than 1,000 cubic metres will be available per person, making the country a water-scarce area”.
Although during the last four decades water resources of Pakistan had increased because of the construction of dams and canals and exploitation of groundwater and irrigated area had increased, development of water resources had not kept pace with the population growth.
Gondal said that although Pakistan has vast irrigation systems, according to experts water losses from these systems were the highest in the world.
According to a World Bank report, Pakistan is fast moving from being a water-stressed country to a water-scarce country, mainly due to its high population growth. Groundwater is over-exploited and polluted in many areas. Most of the water infrastructure is in poor repair and the entire system of water management is not financially sustainable.
Source: The International News