Posted by: Yes Solar Cape (Cape Town, South Africa) – 29 August 2010
Miss Piggy is not the only porker that can make money from hot air. Limpopo farmer Willie Humphries, 34, is using the waste from his 17000 pigs to create methane gas, which is then converted into electricity.
His family farm – Humphries Boerdery outside Bela-Bela – uses at least 30kW of electricity daily from a hi-tech generator, housed in a 6m-long shipping container, that converts the biogas into electricity.
Electricity generated from pig effluent, including pig urine, is used to run all his farming operations – including the electrical motors that process food for the 26 pig pens – as well as the heating and temperature control in the grower houses, the boreholes and for domestic use in the farmhouse.
The project has also been brought to the attention of the Department of Energy in the hope of securing finance to provide households from a nearby informal settlement with power and gas for cooking.
At least 9000 tons of pig effluent at the 520ha farm is stored in a biodigester – a 60m x 60m storage tank that is almost 5m deep. The air-tight tank is sealed with thick plastic to prevent leakage into the groundwater.
Gas captured under the plastic cover is channelled through a 300m pipe to the generator in the shipping container, where it is converted into electricity.
Humphries Boerdery launched the project after complaints from neighbours, including owners of guesthouses, about the overpowering smell from the farm.
“It has reduced my electricity bill by half. It’s unbelievable. We are very excited about the project,” said Humphries.
It is the only full-scale biogas power plant in the country that is embedded in the national grid.
Andrew Taylor, managing director of Cape Advanced Engineering, which provides technological support, said: “The farm is never disconnected from Eskom. We allow 10kW of electricity to flow in from Eskom while the balance of power is supplied by the power plant.”
He said the power plant was supplying the farm with about 70kW of daily power.
“If Eskom goes down, we continue supplying the farm independently; if we go down, Eskom continues supplying the farm,” Taylor said.
The farm is only using about 10% of the available energy, while 90% is being wasted through “flaring” or burning it up.
Taylor is planning to apply for permission from the government to sell the power to Eskom.
“Just in the Bela-Bela region, if we have four piggeries involved in electricity generation, we could supply electricity to about 200 homes.”
He confirmed they were holding discussions with the Department of Energy’s Working for Energy programme to expand the project and provide cooking gas and hot water to a neighbouring community.
“It’s by far the most exciting thing that has happened in this country around renewable energy, but it has been completely overlooked by all the different players in the game.”
Derek Batte, programme leader of the Working for Energy programme at the SA National Energy Research Institute, which falls under the Department of Energy, described the concept as “exciting”, saying it would help bring energy security to people who would otherwise have been deprived of it.
By: Prega Goverder
Source: Times Live